Use the tar command to back up and restore files and directories.
tar Tape Backup Command to restore Files and Directories
Question: How do I use the tar command to back up and restore files and directories in Red Hat Linux?
The tar command, which stands for "Tape Archive", is a widely used command in Unix-based operating systems like Red Hat Linux for creating, maintaining, modifying, and extracting files from an archive file known as a tarball. This document will demonstrate how to utilize the tar command to back up and restore files and directories.
BACKING UP FILES AND DIRECTORIES
The following is the general format for creating a backup with tar:
tar -cvf archive_name.tar directory_to_backup/
Let's break this command down:
-c: Create a new archive.
-v: Verbose mode, which will list the files being processed.
-f: Use the following archive file.
Here's an example. If you wanted to back up the directory /home/user/Documents, you could use:
tar -cvf Documents_backup.tar /home/user/Documents/
This command would create a tarball named Documents_backup.tar from the directory /home/user/Documents.
To save space, you might want to compress your backup. You can do this with the gzip or bzip2 utilities along with tar.
tar -cvzf archive_name.tar.gz directory_to_backup/
-z: Compress the archive using gzip.
tar -cvjf archive_name.tar.bz2 directory_to_backup/
-j: Compress the archive using bzip2.
RESTORING FILES AND DIRECTORIES
The general command for extracting a tarball is:
tar -xvf archive_name.tar
-x: Extract files from an archive.
So, if you wanted to restore the files from the Documents_backup.tar archive, you would use:
tar -xvf Documents_backup.tar
This command will extract all files to the current directory. If you want to extract to a specific directory, use the -C option:
tar -xvf Documents_backup.tar -C /path/to/specific/directory/
RESTORING COMPRESSED BACKUPS
If your backups are compressed, you can extract them with these commands:
For gzip compressed tarball:
tar -xvzf archive_name.tar.gz
For bzip2 compressed tarball:
tar -xvjf archive_name.tar.bz2
Please note, you should replace archive_name.tar.gz and archive_name.tar.bz2 with the actual names of your tarballs.
In conclusion, the tar command is a versatile tool for managing backups of files and directories on Red Hat Linux. Remember to replace the example file names and directories with the ones that correspond to your actual use case.
The tar command is used to create archives and extract files and directories from tar archives. You can use tar as an expedient and simple method for storing an entire file system.
You can then use the tar file as a backup, or you can transfer and extract the file onto another machine.
tar is very useful for generating daily backups of critical files (such as a current project) or for archiving data, such as mail for an entire organization.
tar "flattens" files and directories into sequential archives that can go to tape or disk. Linux supports
standard commands for tape backup, including:
c: Create an archive
x: Extract files and file systems from a tar archive
z: Use gzip compression
f: Specify the file system on which to store the archive
The following series of images illustrate some examples.