Security Structure  «Prev  Next»

Lesson 2Security elements
Objective Most important security elements

Most important Security Elements

Question: What are the most important security elements?
Each of the elements of an effective security system operates in conjunction with the others to ensure that an organization can communicate as efficiently as possible.

Most Important Security Elements to take into Consideration

Absolutely! Here's a breakdown of the important security elements when designing a robust network security architecture, focusing on authorization and access control:
Key Security Elements
  • Defense in Depth (Layered Security): Don't rely on a single security measure. Implement multiple layers of defense to make it harder for attackers to fully compromise your network (e.g., firewalls, intrusion detection, encryption, access controls).
  • Principle of Least Privilege: Only give users and systems the absolute minimum access required to do their job. Limit what someone with compromised credentials can do.
  • Zero Trust: Never automatically trust anything inside or outside your network's perimeter. Continuously verify every user, device, and connection before granting access.
  • Network Segmentation: Divide your network into smaller zones separated by firewalls. This limits the spread of breaches if one part is compromised.
  • Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (IDS/IPS): These systems scan your network traffic for anomalies and suspicious activities. IPS systems can actively block threats as well.
  • Strong Encryption: Scramble your sensitive data, in transit and at rest, to make it unreadable if intercepted.
  • Vulnerability Scanning and Patch Management: Proactively identify weaknesses in your systems and software. Install patches and updates religiously to reduce exploitable vulnerabilities.

  • Identity and Access Management (IAM): Implement robust systems to control how identities are created, stored, and used (e.g., robust password policies, multi-factor authentication).
  • Role-Based Access Control (RBAC): Define access permissions based on job function and responsibilities rather than individual users. This eases management and reduces the impact of a single compromised account.

Access Control
  • Firewalls: The cornerstone of network perimeter defense. Control traffic flow in and out based on security rules.
  • Network Access Controls (NAC): Authenticate and authorize devices before they connect to the network. Can enforce security policies like ensuring systems are updated and have antivirus software.
  • Security Information and Event Management (SIEM): Systems that collect and analyze log data from systems across your network, giving visibility into security events and potential anomalies.

Additional Considerations
  • User Training: A major weak point is individual users. Train them on cybersecurity best practices, detecting phishing attempts, and social engineering tactics.
  • Regular Backups: Maintain offline, securely stored backups to enable recovery in case of a major incident.
  • Incident Response Plan: Have well-defined steps on how to react in the event of a security breach to minimize damage and recover quickly.

Remember: Network security is an ongoing process. Stay updated on the latest threats and continuously review and adapt your defenses.**

Security Elements Foundation Hierarchy

The following diagram is a representation of the most important security elements and of the hierarchy into which these elements are organized.
Most important element in security
  1. Corporate security policy: Through the use of activity logs, you can determine the effectiveness of your security system.
  2. User authentication: Administrators implement and enforce the security policy, audit user activity, and attempt to spot hackers.
  3. Access control: Used for authentication, data confidentiality, data integrity, and non-repudiation, encryption methods are key for securing communications and data transfer.
  4. Encryption: Following access authentication, the use of valid IDs and passwords, as well as controls on software and protocols, governs what resources a user may access on your network.
  5. Administration: Prior to allowing access to any part of your system, the identity of a system or user must take place.
  6. Audit: Your security policy is the foundation for establishing an effective security system. Training of personnel is key to ensuring that security procedures are followed.

Combining Security Methods

When planning security, you will use a combination of
  1. methods and
  2. perimeter devices.
To provide access control and authentication, for instance, a system uses some combination of the methods and perimeter devices shown in the table below.

Security Element Perimeter Devices Internal Methods
Authorization and access control 1) Filtering router
2) Firewall[1]
1)Application logic
2) Operating system permissions
Identification and authentication Tokens 1) Remote Access Devices
2) Password Policy

The application of internal methods for security such as auditing and the use of screening routers[2] , firewalls, firewall tokens[3] and remote access devices[4] will be discussed in later modules.

Ad Guide to Network Security

Guide for Planning future Network Security Projects

  1. How to apply good systems engineering principles to the development of information security systems
  2. Recommendations concerning which standards and guidelines are most useful and that should be used in implementing and achieving required network security
  3. How to implement organizational security policies and how to ensure that they are understood and institutionalized
  4. How to make sure that the organization is prepared for a disaster
  5. How to protect against possible future liability suits
  6. How to plan for expanded, secure, remote access requirements
  7. How to implement wireless security
  8. How to protect against future attacks
  9. How to handle future attacks
  10. How to assess the effectiveness of proposed new security architectures

[1] Firewall: A security system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network. Firewalls can be implemented in both hardware and software, or a combination of both.
[2] Screening router: Examines inbound and outbound packets based upon filter rules. Screening router is another term for a packet filter.
[3] Firewall token: A string of information that identifies a specific user as packets pass through the firewall. A token is usually encrypted.
[4] Remote access device: Devices that have access a network from a remote site.

SEMrush Software2